Martin de Graaf

Function: Climate Scientist
Department: Research & Development: Satellite Observations
Phone: +31 30 2206 749
Phone: +31 30 2206 781 (Secretary)
Email: graafdem@knmi.nl
Visiting adress: KNMI, PO-box 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, The Netherlands

Research Interests

Earth's climate, in particular the climate effects of aerosols, direct and indirect, and the use of remote sensing observations.

Research Projects

Supervision

Publications

Reviewed Publications

2017
H. Sihler, P. Lubcke, R. Lang, S. Beirle, M. de Graaf, S. Dorner, C. Hormann, J. Lampel7, M. Penning de Vries, G. Poli, J. Remmers, E. Trollope, Y. Wang, and T. Wagner, In-operation Field of view Retrieval (IFR) for satellite and ground-based DOAS-type instruments applying coincident high-resolution imager data, Atmos. Meas. Techn. , doi:10.5194/amt-2016-218, 2017.

Y. Wu, M. de Graaf, M. Menenti, The impact of aerosol vertical distribution on aerosol optical depth retrieval using CALIPSO and MODIS data: case study over dust and smoke regions, J. Geophys. Res., subm., 2017.

2016
M. de Graaf, H. Sihler, L.G. Tilstra, and P. Stammes, How big is an OMI pixel?, Atmos. Meas. Techn., 9, 3607-3618, Special Issue: Ten years of Ozone Monitoring Instrument; doi: 10.5194/amt-9-1-2016, 2016.

Y. Wu, M. de Graaf, M. Menenti, The Sensitivity of AOD Retrieval to Aerosol Type and Vertical Distribution over Land with MODIS Data, Remote Sens. 8(9), 765; Special Issue: Land Surface Processes and Interactions From HCMM to Sentinel Missions and beyond; doi: 10.3390/rs8090765, 2016.

Y. Wu, M. de Graaf, M. Menenti, Improved MODIS Dark Target Aerosol Optical Depth algorithm over land: Angular effect Correction, Atmos. Meas. Techn., 9, 5575-5589, doi:10.5194/amt-2016-218, 2016.

U. Wandinger, V. Freudenthaler, H. Baars, A. Amodeo, R. Engelmann, I. Mattis, S. Groß, G. Pappalardo, A. Giunta, G. D'Amico, A. Chaikovsky, F. Osipenko, A. Slesar, D. Nicolae, L. Belegante, C. Talianu, I. Serikov, H. Linné, F. Jansen, A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, M. de Graaf, T. Trickl, H. Giehl, M. Adam,d, A. Comerón, C. Muñoz, F. Rocadenbosch, M. Sicard, S. Tomás, D. Lange, D. Kumar, M. Pujadas, F. Molero, A. J. Fernández, L. Alados-Arboledas, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, F. Navas-Guzmán, J. L. Guerrero-Rascado, M. J. Granados-Muñoz, J. Preißler, F. Wagner, M. Gausa, I. Grigorov, D. Stoyanov, M. Iarlori, V. Rizi, N. Spinelli, A. Boselli, X. Wang, T. Lo Feudo, M. R. Perrone, F. De Tomasi, and P. Burlizzi EARLINET instrument intercomparison campaigns: overview on strategy and results Atmos. Meas. Techn., 9, pp. 1001-1023, Special Issue: EARLINET, the European Aerosol Research Lidar Network; doi:10.5194/amt-9-1001-2016, 2016.

2014
M. de Graaf, N. Bellouin, L.G. Tilstra, J. Haywood, P. Stammes, Aerosol direct radiative effect of smoke over clouds over the southeast Atlantic Ocean from 2006 to 2009, Geophys. Res. Lett. 41 (21), doi: 10.1002/2014GL061103, 2014.

2013
M. de Graaf, A. Apituley and D. P. Donovan, Feasibility study of integral property retrieval for tropospheric aerosol from Raman lidar data using principle component analysis, Appl. Optics 52 (10, doi: 10.1364/AO.52.002173, 2013.

2012
M. de Graaf, L.G. Tilstra, P. Wang and P. Stammes, Retrieval of the aerosol direct radiative effect over clouds from space-borne spectrometry, J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D7), D07207, doi: 10.1029/2011JD017160, 2012.

L.G. Tilstra, M. de Graaf, I. Aben and P. Stammes, In-flight degradation correction of SCIAMACHY UV reflectances and Absorbing Aerosol Index, J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D6), D06209, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016957, 2012.

P. Wang, O.N.E. Tuinder, L.G. Tilstra, M. de Graaf, and P. Stammes, Interpretation of FRESCO cloud retrievals in case of absorbing aerosol events, Atm. Chem. Phys. 12, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-9057-2012, 2012.

2010
M. de Graaf, L.G. Tilstra, I. Aben and P. Stammes, Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa related to the monsoon rainfall, 1995 - 2008. Atm. Env. 44 (10), pp 1274-1283 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.12.03, 2010.

2007
M. de Graaf and P. Stammes and E.A.A. Aben, Analysis of reflectance spectra of UV-absorbing aerosol scenes measured by SCIAMACHY, J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D2), doi: 10.1029/2006JD007249, 2007.

2006
N. Fournier, P. Stammes, M. de Graaf, R. van der A, A. Piters, M. Grzegorski and A. Kokhanovsky, Improving cloud information over deserts from SCIAMACHY O2 A-band, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 163-172, SRef-ID: /acp/2006-6-163, 2006.

2005
M. de Graaf, P. Stammes, SCIAMACHY Absorbing Aerosol Index - calibration issues and global results from 2002 - 2004, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5, 2385-2394, SRef-ID: 1680-7324/acp/2005-5-2385, 2005.

M. de Graaf, P. Stammes, O. Torres and R.B.A. Koelemeijer, Absorbing Aerosol Index: Sensitivity analysis, application to GOME and comparison with TOMS, J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D1), doi:10.1029/2004JD005178, 2005.

2004
M. de Graaf, Z. Jager, C.B. Vreugdenhil and M. Elorche. Numerical simulations of tidally cued vertical migrations of flatfish larvae in the North Sea, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 59 (2), pp. 295-305, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2003.09.010, 2004.

Unreviewed publications

2016
M. de Graaf, J. Haywood, N. Bellouin, L.G. Tilstra, and P. Stammes, Southeast Atlantic Ocean Aerosol Direct Radiative Effects Over Clouds: Comparison Of Observations And Simulations, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium 2016, IRS 2016: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, 2016.

2015
M. de Graaf, L.G. Tilstra and P. Stammes, Aerosol absorption above clouds from combined OMI and MODIS hyperspectral measurements, Proceedings of the ESA ATMOS Symposium 2015.

2013
M. de Graaf, P. Stammes and L.G. Tilstra, Global aerosol effect retrieval from passive hyperspectral measurements, Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2013, ESA SP-722, 2013.

M. de Graaf and H. Leijnse, Flysafe-2 Final report, December 2013.

M. de Graaf, CLARIFI - Aerosol Direct Radiative Effect in Cloudy Scenes Retrieved from Space-Borne Spectrometers. In: Remote Sensing Advances for Earth System Science, The ESA Changing Earth Science Network: Projects 2009-2011, D. Fernández-Prieto and R. Sabia (Eds.). ISBN: 978-3-642-32520-5 (Print) 978-3-642-32521-2 (Online).

M. de Graaf, P. Stammes and L.G. Tilstra, Quantification of the aerosol direct radiative effect from smoke over clouds using passive space-borne spectrometry, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium 2012, IRS 2012: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, pp. 640-643, doi:10.1063/1.4804851, 2013.

2012
M. de Graaf, H. Leijnse, A. Dokter, J. Shamoun-Baranes, H. van Gasteren, J. Koistinen and W. Bouten, Bird migration monitoring across Europe using weather radar, Proceedings of the 7th European conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Toulouse, France, 2012.

H. van Gasteren, A. Dekker, J. Shamoun-Baranes, H. Leijnse, M. Kemp, M. de Graaf and W. Bouten, The FlySafe project: How weather radars can improve the en-route bird strike warning system, Proceedings of the 30th International Bird Strike Committee Conference, Stavanger, Norway, 2012.

M. de Graaf, L.G. Tilstra and P. Stammes, CLARIFI, CLouds and Aerosol Radiative Interaction and Forcing Investigation, KNMI Scientific report; WR 2012-01, 2012.

M. de Graaf, CLARIFI, CLouds and Aerosol Radiative Interaction and Forcing Investigation, Final report, ESA Publ., 2012.

2011
H. Bovensmann, I. Aben, M. van Roozendaal, S. Kuhl, M. Gottwald, C. von Savigny, M. Buchwitz, A. Richter, C. Frankenberg, P. Stammes, M. de Graaf, F. Wittrock, M. Sinnhuber, B.M. Sinnhuber, A. Schonhardt, S. Beirle, A. Gloudemans, H. Schrijver, A. Bracher, A.V. Rozanov, M. Weber and J.P. Burrows, SCIAMACHY's View of the Changing Earth's Environment, In: SCIAMACHY - Exploring the Changing Earth's Atmosphere, M. Gottwald and H. Bovensmann (Eds.), doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-9896-2, ISBN: 978-90-481-9895-52011, Springer, 2011

M. de Graaf, L.G. Tilstra and P. Stammes, Aerosol absorption in cloudy scenes using passive satellite instruments, Proceedings of the 2011 Eumetsat Meteorological Satellite Conference, Oslo, Norway, 2011.

L.G. Tilstra, M. de Graaf, O.N.E. Tuinder, R.J. van der A, and P. Stammes, Studying trends in aerosol presence using the Absorbing Aerosol Index derived from GOME-1, SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2, Proceedings of the 2011 Eumetsat Meteorological Satellite Conference, Oslo, Norway, 2011.

M. de Graaf, P. Stammes, L.G. Tilstra and D.P. Donovan, CLouds and Aerosol Radiative Interaction and Forcing Initiative, Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010, Bergen, Norway, ESA SP-686, 2011.

Steffen Dransfeld, Diego Fernandez, Maeva Doron, Elodie Martinez, Jamie Shutler, Enzo Papandrea, Juliet Biggs, Knut-Frode Dagestad, Elisa Palazzi, Maya Garcia-Comas, Martin de Graaf, Oliver Schneising, and Patricia Oliva Pavón, The Changing Earth Science Network -Projects and Results from the First Call, Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010, Bergen, Norway, 2011.

2010
M. de Graaf, D.P. Donovan and A. Apituley, Saharan desert dust microphysical properties from principle component analysis (PCA) inversion of raman lidar data over western Europe, Proceedings of the 25th International Lidar Radar Conference, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2010.

Volker Freudenthaler, Silke Gross, Ronny Engelmann, Ina Mattis, Ulla Wandinger, Gelsomina Pappalardo, Aldo Amodeo, Aldo Giunta, Giuseppe D'Amico, Anatoli Chaikovsky, Fiodor Osipenko, Alexander Slesar, Doina Nicolae, Livio Belegante, Camelia Talianu, Ilya Serikov, Holger Linne, Friedhelm Jansen, Keith Wilson, Martin de Graaf, Arnoud Apituley, Thomas Trickl, Helmuth Giehl and Mariana Adam, EARLI09 - Direct Intercomparison Of Eleven EARLINET Lidar Systems, Proceedings of the 25th International Lidar Radar Conference, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2010.

M. de Graaf, O. Tuinder and L.G. Tilstra, O3MSAF Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for ARS, O3MSAF/KNMI/ATBD/002, 2010.
2009
M. de Graaf, D.P. Donovan and A. Apituley, Aerosol microphysical properties from inversion of tropospheric optical Raman lidar data, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, Delft, The Netherlands, 2009.

A. Apituley, K. M. Wilson, C. Potma, H. Volten and M. de Graaf, Performance Assessment and Application of Caeli - A high-performance Raman lidar for diurnal profiling of Water Vapour, Aerosols and Clouds, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, Delft, The Netherlands, 2009.

2008
P. Stammes, L.G. Tilstra, R. Braak, M. de Graaf, E.A.A. Aben, Estimate of solar radiative forcing by polluted clouds using OMI and SCIAMACHY satellite data, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium (IRS2008), Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 2008.

M. de Graaf, D.P. Donovan and A. Apituley, Refractive index and integral aerosol properties retrieval from Raman lidar data using principle component analysis, 24th International Laser Radar Conference - Reviewed and Revised Papers, 24th ILRC, Boulder, Co., 2008.

2007
L.G. Tilstra, M. de Graaf, I. Aben and P. Stammes, Analysis of 5 years SCIAMACHY Absorbing Aerosol Index data, Proceedings of the 2007 ESA/Envisat Symposium, Montreux, Switzerland, ESA SP-636, 2007.

L.G. Tilstra, M. de Graaf, S. Noël, I. Aben, and P. Stammes, SCIAMACHY's Absorbing Aerosol Index and the consequences of instrument degradation, Proceedings of the Third Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT 2006, (ACVE-3), Frascati, Italy, ESA SP-642, 2007.

2006
M. de Graaf and P. Stammes and I. Aben, Temporal and spectral variation of desert dust and biomass burning aerosol scenes from 1995--2000 using GOME, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 6, 1321-1353, doi:10.5194/acpd-6-1321-2006, 2006.

A. Piters, R. van der A, M. Allaart, H. Eskes, N. Fournier, M. de Graaf, H. Kelder, D. Lolkema, A. Segers, C. Schrijvers, P. Stammes and G. Tilstra, Validation of SCIAMACHY products, Annual PI Report ACCENT-Troposat 2, 2006.

A. Richter, A. Heckel, S. Noel, F. Wittrock, A. Piters, R. van der A, E. Brinksma, M. Sneep, P. Wang, M. de Graaf, P. Stammes, C. Clerbaux, S. Turquety and J.L. Attie, Validation Report -- Atmospheric Chemistry Products from Satellites EU - AMMA project., 2006.

2005
M. de Graaf and P. Stammes, Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols, IEEE Workshop on Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols Proceedings, IEEE, Tucson, Az, 5-6 april, doi: 10.1109/AERSOL.2005.1494150, 2005.

2004
M. de Graaf, L.G. Tilstra and P. Stammes, SCIAMACHY absorbing aerosol index: the scientific product compared to the operational product and TOMS data, Proceedings of the Second Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT (ACVE-2), ESA SP-562, 2004.

L.G. Tilstra, G. van Soest, M. de Graaf, J.R. Acarreta and P. Stammes, Reflectance comparison between SCIAMACHY and a radiative transfer code in the UV, Proceedings of the Second Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT (ACVE-2), ESA SP-562, 2004.

M. de Graaf, S. Cadot, S. Niemeijer, Basic Envisat Atmospheric Toolbox Tutorial, December 2004.

2002
M. de Graaf and P. Stammes, First verification of SCIAMACHY's Absorbing Aerosol Index product, Envisat Validation Workshop Proceedings, ESA SP-531, 2002.

L.G. Tilstra, M. de Graaf and P. Stammes, First verification of SCIAMACHY's polarisation measurements, Envisat Calibration Review Proceedings, ESA SP-520, 2002.

M. de Graaf, Sensitivity study of the residue method for the detection of aerosols from space-borne sensors, KNMI Scientific Report; WR 2002-03, 2002.

2001
M. de Graaf, A numerical model for larval flatfish transport in the Dutch waters. Scientific report RIKZ/2001.004, University of Twente / Rijksinstituut voor Kust en Zee (RIKZ). February 2001.

Theses
M. de Graaf, Remote Sensing of UV-absorbing aerosols using space-borne spectrometers. PhD Thesis, Free University, Amsterdam. 19 June 2006.

M. de Graaf, A numerical model for larval flatfish transport in the Dutch waters. MTD Thesis, Twente University, Enschede. February 2001.

M. de Graaf, Heat transfer in katabatic flow. MSc Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht. 27 February 1998.