OMI and EOS-Aura Mission Objectives
The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) flies on NASA's Aura satellite, (launched on 15 July 2004). The Aura satellite is focussed on observing atmospheric chemistry, in order to contribute largely in answering the following major environmental questions:
- Is the ozone layer recovering as expected?
- What are the sources of tropospheric pollutants, their chemical transformation and their transport?
- How is Earth's climate changing?
OMI's scientific mission is directly related to these questions and can be summarized by 4 Science Question to which OMI measurements will contribute in large:
- Is the ozone layer recovering as expected ?
- What are the sources of aerosols and trace gases that affect global air quality and how are they transported?
- What are the roles of tropospheric ozone and aerosols in climate change ?
- What are the causes of surface UV-B change?
Important Information for OMI Data Users
OMI has suffered from a so-called “row anomaly”. It affects particular viewing directions, corresponding to rows on the CCD detector, hence the name “row anomaly”. Other viewing directions are of optimal quality. Please read this information carefully prior to using OMI data.
The first appearance of the row anomaly is on June 25th, 2007. At that time, it appeared only in rows 53 and 54 (zero-based). From May 11th, 2008, cross-track scenes 37-41 (0-based) are affected as well. In January 2009 the range of rows extended to 27 - 44, while the original rows 53 and 54 remain affected. Since then the behavior of the row anomaly has remained dynamic. Which rows are affected and to what extent varies with time. Please visit the “Overview” section of our detailed technical information page for the most up to date information and details. A graphical overview of the affected rows is available on the background page.
Recommendations To Users
At the moment no corrections have been implemented in the operational level 1B and level 2 data. Please use the flagging provided in the level 1B and level 2 products to filter out affected data. All other OMI data, meaning unflagged scenes and earlier observations, is of optimal quality. Level-3 products are being produced after filtering for the flagged scenes.
Please visit the README and Data Product Quality Information for the OMI data product of your interest at the NASA DISC pages for OMI data.
Row Anomaly Corrections
The OMI team is aware of the anomaly and is currently investigating whether corrections for the effects can be implemented in the data-processing software. Please visit this information page regularly for updates on the status of corrections implemented and visit our detailed technical information page.
Row Anomaly Flagging
The Level 1B data are flagged for the row anomaly via the XTrackQualityFlags field. Most level 2 products have this information available now, either by copying the XTrackQualityFlags field into the level 2 product or via other newly defined flags in the level 2 product. Please check the README file of the L2 products for more information. Please visit our detailed technical information page for details on the current flagging status of the Level 1B and Level 2 products.