Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute; Ministery Of Infrastructure And The Environment

Publications, presentations and other activities
Moving Beyond Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory in Modelling Wind Speed Pro les in the Stable Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer
2014
by M. Optis (University of Victoria, Canada), A. Monahan (University of Victoria, Canada), F.C. Bosveld (KNMI),

Monin-Obukhov similarity theory (MOST) is commonly used to model the wind speed profile at altitudes relevant to wind power production (e.g. 10 to 200m). Though reasonably accurate for unstable to

weakly stable strati cation, this approach becomes less inaccurate under increasingly stable stratification, largely due to the constant flux surface layer assumed by MOST becoming shallower. Furthermore, above the surface layer, the Coriolis force has a considerable influence on the wind speed pro le (in particular in the formation of low-level jets) which cannot be modelled using similarity theory. The goal of this study is to quantitatively assess the breakdown of the MOST wind speed pro le model within the bottom 200m

of the atmosphere under increasingly stable stratification and to explore alternative simplified models that are more accurate and physically appropriate. Using data from the 213m Cabauw meteorological tower in the Netherlands, it is shown that a two-layer MOST-Ekman model outperforms MOST for all stratifications.

Bibliographic data
Optis, M., A. Monahan and F.C. Bosveld, Moving Beyond Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory in Modelling Wind Speed Pro les in the Stable Lower Atmospheric Boundary Layer
Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 2014, 153, 3, 497-514, doi:10.1007/s10546-014-9953-z.
Abstract (html)